Origin of Yoga
The word ‘yoga’ came from the Sanskrit root “yuj” which means “to join” or “to yoke”. Union of soul with supreme soul. Many students practice yoga but most of them really don’t know what is yoga?. Here I have tried to give some brief information to understand what is yoga? Please read below:
Learning without thinking is useless. Thinking without learning is dangerous – Confucius
The history of yoga can be divided into the following four broad categories:
The yogic teachings found in the Rig-veda and the other three ancient hymnodies are known as Vedic Yoga. The Sanskrit word veda means “Knowledge”, while the Sanskrit word Rig means “Praise”. Thus the sacred Rig-veda is the collection of hymns that are in praise of a higher power. The other three vedic hymnodies are the Yajur-veda ( knowledge of sacrifice) , Sama-veda (knowledge of chants) and Atharvana-veda ( knowledge of fire priest)
PRE CLASSICAL YOGA
This category covers an extensive period of approximately 2,000 years until the second century. Pre-classical yoga in various forms and guises. The earliest manifestations were still closely associated with the vedic sacrificial culture as developed in the Brahmanas (are sanskrit texts explaining the vedic hymns and the rituals behind them) and Aranyakas ( are ritual texts specific to those who choose to live in seclusion in a forest hermitage)
This label applies to the eight fold yoga also known as Ashtanga-yoga or(called Raja-yoga) taught by Pathanjali in his yoga-sutra. This sanskrit text consisted of 196 sutras or aphorisms, which have been commented on over and over again through the centuries. The great saint Pathanjali believed that each individual is a composite of matter (prakriti) and spirit(Purusha). He understood the process of yoga to bring about their separation. There by restoring the spirit in its absolute purity.
POST CLASSICAL YOGA
This is again a very comprehensive category, which refers to all those many types and schools of yoga like Tantra Yoga ,that have sprung up in the period after Patanjali’s yoga sutra and that are independent of this decisive work. In contrast to classical yoga, post classical yoga affirms the ultimate unity of everything. This is the core teaching of Vedanta, the Philosophical System based on the teachings of the Upanishads. Also , In this period body is started to use as a weapon or tool. so, hatha yoga is developed and popularized using different hatha yoga techniques to mastery over body.
this label applies to modern yoga mainly popularized by Krishnamacharya and by his disciples B.K.S.Iyengar, etc. He has big contribution to spread yoga by travelling from Kanyakumari to Kashmira and to introduce yoga to the western world until Indra devy open a Yoga Studio in Hollywood. Later yoga started to recognize in very country and occupied in the western world and so many yoga system and styles came to light.
There are mainly two school of yoga Ashtanga yoga( 8 limbs to masters the mind) and Hatha yoga( mastery of the body and mind).Today, you can see many yoga styles and yoga systems, but all these yoga styles and systems will come under one or another yoga of above streams. Eg-Iyengar yoga, Vinyasa Yoga, Ashtanaga yoga, Kundalini yoga,Gentle Yoga, Flow Yoga, Hatha Yoga Vinyasa etc. today, yoga is mainly based on physical aspects. hence, Hatha Yoga is the parent for today’s yoga.
STREAMS OF YOGA
There are more than 40 types of yoga in yoga field along with the popular names Ashtanga yoga and Hatha Yoga . they are as below: Adhyathma Yoga Laya Yoga Kundalini Yoga Budhi Yoga Mantra Yoga Dhyana Yoga Nada Yoga Guru Yoga Samadhi Yoga Japa Yoga Sapthanga Yoga Kriya Yoga Tantra Yoga Siddi Yoga Shadanga Yoga
MAIN STREAMS OF YOGA
The important yoga streams are only 4 types. also called chathuranga yoga. they are as below Jnana Yoga Bhakthi Yoga Karma Yoga Raja Yoga
We are hearing mainly two yoga stream, that is Ashatnag Yoga and Hatha Yoga. Ashtanga and and Hatha are the 2 different school of yoga Ashtanga yoga for mastery of the mind and Hatha yoga is for the mastery of the body
Today’s there are more than 1000 yoga streams shooting up like mushrooms buttons. some of them are listed here: Ashtanga Vinyasa Yoga Iyengar Yoga Hot Yoga Power Yoga Yin Yoga, Acro Yoga, Arial Yoga, Therapeutic Yoga, Prenatal Yoga, Restorative Yoga Gentle Yoga and more
KNOW ABOUT MODERN STREAMS
Here a short informations about popular yoga streams for your understanding: Jnana Yoga – Union by Knowledge, Bhakthi Yoga – Union by love and devotion,Karma Yoga – Union by Action and Service,Raja yoga – Union by mental mastery( Ashtanga Yoga or Patanjali yoga),Hatha Yoga – Union by Bodily mastery by balancing SUN(HA, +ve, Male, Yang, Right, Sympathetic nervous system and MOON( THA ,-ve, Female, Yin, Left, Para sympathetic nervous system of the human body) (Hatha Yoga pradipika of Swatmarama deals solely with physical discipline)